Origin of the Holstein cattle breed
Holstein cows are one of the most common breeds of milk cows in the world, and even considered the world's marvel in milk production quantities as a number of countries improved their milk production terribly until milk production became related to the breed of Holstein and not other breeds of cows.
The strain originates from the North Sea coast between the Netherlands and Denmark, which made the name of the Holstein cattle relate to Dutch citizenship of a large number of people and breeders of cows. After the Second World War, many countries, particularly France and the Netherlands, improved their offspring and obtained high-yield milk cows.
Characteristics of the Holstein cattle breed
The Holstein cattle can be easily identified due to their distinctive color and exterior appearance.
It is a large breed, where the height of the cow can be about 1.45 meters and 1.65 meters in males, while the weight of cows ranging from 600 to 700 kg for females and 900 to 1200 kg for males.
Holstein's cow's milk production averaged 9,330 kg of milk during the year, with high milk quality. The importance of Holstein cows lies in their breeding capacity in barns, their ability to convert feed to milk production and the ability of calves to grow rapidly.
The Holstein strain is considered the first source of milk in the factories to produce milk products (about 80% of the milk used in the manufacture of yoghurt and juices in Morocco comes from the cow Holstein breed hybrid strain with local breeds) and the formula rich milk casein makes the breed the first provider in terms of Cows for cheese factories across the world.
Wheels of the Holstein cow breed can become mating and production since the age of two and a half on average, culminating in milk production after a short period of breeding where the cow can produce more than 100,000 kg of milk in only 9 births.
Suitable medium for Holstein cow breeding farms
Holstein cows can adapt to a number of climatic characteristics, but the mountainous climate in the highlands remains the good and appropriate breed medium and requires the use of air conditioners in very hot regions of the world.
Cattle farms can also rely on salads and concentrated and compound feeds in milk production, in addition to the possibility of breeding Holstein cows on green fodder only with hay or natural rearing to produce biological milk.